Population

Before the first national census in 1841 it is very difficult to compile a comprehensive list of the inhabitants of any neighbourhood.  There were numerous lists (usually only of men) compiled for a variety of civic duties and the best one can do is combine the names appearing on these lists.  Another major resource is the wills made by quite a large proportion of the population.  The Hearth Tax Returns (1664) an early property tax, and wills, were the two most useful sources for preparing the research paper ‘Who lived in Churt in the 1600s’.  (link to read only doc stored on cloud)

Similarly, for this document ‘Who lived in Churt in the 1700s’ (link to read only doc stored on cloud) there are a number of sources of names for the later part of this period, which reflect the general rise in bureaucracy.  These include the lists prepared for the parish rates, distribution to the parish poor (Smith’s Charity) and the national Land Tax Returns. 

Using every conceivable source after 1841 this spreadsheet hopes to list every inhabitant and where they lived in the period 1841 to 1921.  The sources are all written in the document.  (link to read only doc stored on cloud)

The spreadsheet finishes at 1921 because this is the latest census that is open to public scrutiny.  Censuses of the population are taken every ten years.  They remain sealed for 100 years so we have very little information about the population in the modern era apart from the Electoral Registers.  There is another invaluable source – the ‘1939 Register’ was prepared in 1939 in order to issue ration books to the population in war time.  It is available on-line.  The 1921 census will be open to public scrutiny in 2022.  This will enable us to see the names of men and women who returned from the 1914-18 war.